Hubungan Obesitas Sentral Dengan Hipertensi pada Penduduk Usia 25-65 Tahun

Gusni Rahma, Gusrianti Gusrianti

Abstract


Di Indonesia prevalensi hipertensi cenderung tinggi, terdapat beberapa faktor yang berkontribusi terhadap munculnya hipertensi. Salah satunya adalah obesitas sentral. Obesitas sentral merupakan kondisi lemak berlebih yang terpusat di daerah perut (intra-abdominal fat). Beberapa penelitian menemukan bahwa hipertensi banyak ditemukan pada individu dengan obesitas sentral daripada obesitas umum. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui hubungan obesitas sentral dengan kejadian hipertensi pada penduduk usia 25-65 tahun di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Belimbing, Kota Padang. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan desain studi cross sectional dengan  sampel 107 penduduk di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Belimbing. Analisis data univariat dalam bentuk distribusi frekuensi dan bivariat dengan uji chi-square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 31% penduduk mengalami hipertensi dan 43,9% penduduk dengan obesitas sentral. Penduduk dengan obesitas sentral berpeluang 3,63 (95% CI 1,52 – 8,68) kali mengalami hipertensi dibandingkan penduduk tidak obesitas sentral (p=0,003).

Kata kunci: Obesitas Sentral, Hipertensi, Proporsi

 


Full Text:

PDF

References


CDC. (2014a). Behaviors That Increase Risk for High Blood Pressure. Retrieved December 20, 2017, from https://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/behavior.htm

CDC. (2014b). Family History and Other Characteristics That Increase Risk for High Blood Pressure. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/family_history.htm

Chockalingam, A., Campbell, N. R., & George Fodor, J. (2006). Worldwide epidemic of hypertension. Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 22(7), 553–555. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0828-282X(06)70275-6

Dinkes Kota Padang. (2017). Profil Kesehatan Kota Padang 2017. Retrieved from http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/profil/PROFIL_KAB_KOTA_2017/1371_Sumbar_Kota_Padang_2017.pdf

Hussain, M. A., Al Mamun, A., Reid, C., & Huxley, R. R. (2016). Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Indonesian adults aged ≥40 years: Findings from the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS). PLoS ONE, 11(8), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160922

IDF. (2006). IDF Diabetes Atlas (6th ed.). Retrieved from https://idf.org/e-library/epidemiology-research/diabetes-atlas.html

Kaplan, N. M., & Victor, R. G. (2014). Kaplan’s clinical hypertension: Eleventh edition. Kaplan’s Clinical Hypertension: Eleventh Edition. https://doi.org/10.1097/00132580-200211000-00012

Kemenkes. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) 2013. Laporan Nasional 2013, 1–384. https://doi.org/1 Desember 2013

Kemenkes. (2018). Hasil Utama Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2018. Retrieved from http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/info-terkini/materi_rakorpop_2018/Hasil Riskesdas 2018.pdf

Misra, A., & Khurana, L. (2011). Obesity-related non-communicable diseases: South Asians vs White Caucasians. International Journal of Obesity, 35(2), 167–187. https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2010.135

Olinto, M., Nacul, L., Gigante, D., Costa, J., Menezes, A., & Macedo, S. (2004). Waist circumference as a determinant of hypertension and diabetes in Brazilian women: a population-based study. Public Health Nutrition, 7(5), 629–635. https://doi.org/10.1079/PHN2003582

Shrivastava, et al. (2015). Systematic review on the association of abdominal obesity in children and adolescents with cardio-metabolic risk factors. Journal of research in medical sciences: the official journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. (Vol. 20). J Res Med Sci. 2015 Mar; 20(3): 294–307. https://doi.org/PMCID: PMC4468236

Van Minh, H., Soonthornthada, K., Ng, N., Juvekar, S., Razzaque, A., Ashraf, A., … Kanungsukkasem, U. (2009). Blood pressure in adult rural INDEPTH population in Asia. Global Health Action, 2(1), 2010. https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v2i0.2010

Whelton, P. K., Carey, R. M., Aronow, W. S., Casey, D. E., Collins, K. J., Dennison Himmelfarb, C., … Wright, J. T. (2017). Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Pr. Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979), HYP.0000000000000065. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYP.0000000000000065

World Health Organization (WHO). (2015). Hypertension. Retrieved August 1, 2019, from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hypertension




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33757/jik.v3i2.239

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.33757/jik.v3i2.239.g95

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


E-ISSN : 2597-8594 (Online) P-ISSN : 2580-930X (Cetak)
Publish by STIKes Alifah Padang
Jl. Khatib Sulaiman No 52 B Kota Padang. Telp 0751-7059849. Fax 0751-7059849. Website: www.stikesalifah.ac.id
Email : jik.alifah@stikesalifah.ac.id
Creative Commons License
This JIK Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.