Sindrom Makan Malam dan Hubungannya dengan Beban Belajar pada Pelajar SMAN 11 Kota Samarinda

Reny Noviasty, Rahmi Susanti, Riza Hayati Ifroh, Muhammad Nadzir Mushoffa

Abstract


Sindrom makan malam merupakan salah satu perilaku makan menyimpang yang apabila tidak dideteksi secara dini dapat menyebabkan gangguan gizi pada remaja. Sindroma makan malam sebelumnya telah banyak diteliti pada mahasiswa, untuk itu penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeteksi kecenderungan terjadinya sindrom makan malam pada remaja yang lebih muda yang pelajar Sekolah Menengah Atas (SMA), serta melihat hubungannya dengan kepercayaan diri dan beban kerja terkait belajar.

Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan desain studi cross sectional pada 71 orang siswa-siswi SMAN 11 Kota Samarinda, dengan menggunakan kuesioner NEQ untuk mengukur Sindroma Makan Malam, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale untuk mengukur kepercayaan diri dan Subjective Workload Asessment Technique (SWAT) untuk mengukur beban kerja pada Pelajar.

Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa terdapat 38,0% pelajar yang mengalami sindro makan malam. Berdasarkan hasil uji koefisien kontingensi diketahui bahwa terdapat hubungan signifikan (p=0,030) antara beban kerja pelajar dengan Sindroma makan malam, namun tidak terdapat hubungan signifikan antara kepercayaan diri pelajar dengan sindroma makan malam.

Sindroma makan malam ditemukan pada pelajar dan berhubungan dengan beban kerja pelajar, sehingga penting untuk memperhatikan beban belajar para remaja untuk memastikan bahwa remaja tidak berisiko untuk mengalami perilaku makan meyimpang yang dapat berdampak pada masalah gizi dan kesehatan remaja


Keywords


Sindroma makan Malam, pelajar SMA, beban belajar, Kepercayaan Diri

Full Text:

PDF

References


Afriani, A. E., Margawati, A., & Dieny, F. F. (2019). Tingkat Stres, Durasi dan Kualitas Tidur, serta Sindrom Makan Malam Pada Mahasiswi Obesitas dan Non Obesitas Fakultas Kedokteran. Sport and Nutrition Journal, 1(2), 63–73. https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/spnj/article/download/35014/14817

Agarwal, A. (2011). Impact of academic stress upon academic achievement and mental health of the adolescents. International Journal of Management and Social Sciences, 1(1), 79–87.

Ahmad, M., Kashoo, F. Z., Alqahtani, M., Waqas, S., Rizvi, M., & Bushra, A. (2019). Relation between night eating syndrome and academic grades among university students. Turkish Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 23(2), 85.

Allison, K. C., Lundgren, J. D., O’Reardon, J. P., Martino, N. S., Sarwer, D. B., Wadden, T. A., Crosby, R. D., Engel, S. G., & Stunkard, A. J. (2008). The Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ): psychometric properties of a measure of severity of the Night Eating Syndrome. Eating Behaviors, 9(1), 62–72.

Ciarrochi, J., & Bilich, L. (2006). Acceptance and commitment therapy. Measures package. Unpublished Manuscript, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.

Danquah, A. O., Odjoji, Y., Graham-Acquaah, S., & Steiner-Asiedu, M. (2010). A pilot study of the dietary and physical activity behaviours of international students: implications for health promotion. African Journal of Food Science, 4(3), 86–92.

Do, Q. D., & Tasanapradit, P. (2008). Depression and stress among the first-year medical students in the Unversity of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hochiminh city, Vietnam. J Health Res, 22, 1–4.

Embrey, D., Blackett, C., Marsden, P., & Peachey, J. (2006). Development of a human cognitive workload assessment tool. MCA Final Report, Lancashire, 1–253.

Erkutlu, H. V, & Chafra, J. (2006). Relationship between leadership power bases and job stress of subordinates: example from boutique hotels. Management Research News.

Fairbrother, K., & Warn, J. (2003). Workplace dimensions, stress and job satisfaction. Journal of Managerial Psychology.

Fischer, S., Meyer, A. H., Hermann, E., Tuch, A., & Munsch, S. (2012). Night eating syndrome in young adults: Delineation from other eating disorders and clinical significance. Psychiatry Research, 200(2–3), 494–501.

Kaur, S. (2014). Impact of academic stress on mental health: A study of school going adolescents. Global Journal for Research Analysis, 3(5), 27–29.

McCuen-Wurst, C., Ruggieri, M., & Allison, K. C. (2018). Disordered eating and obesity: associations between binge eating-disorder, night-eating syndrome, and weight-related co-morbidities. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1411(1), 96. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5788730/pdf/nihms901795.pdf

Nolan, L. J., & Geliebter, A. (2012). Night eating is associated with emotional and external eating in college students. Eating Behaviors, 13(3), 202–206.

Parastika, T. D. (2012). Gambaran dan Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Sindrom Makan Malam aAda Mahasiswa Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia Depok 2012. Universitas Indonesia.

Prabu, P. S. (2015). A study on academic stress among higher secondary students. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 4(10), 63–68.

Rampersaud, G. C., Pereira, M. A., Girard, B. L., Adams, J., & Metzl, J. D. (2005). Breakfast habits, nutritional status, body weight, and academic performance in children and adolescents. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 105(5), 743–760.

Salgado-Delgado, R., Angeles-Castellanos, M., Saderi, N., Buijs, R. M., & Escobar, C. (2010). Food intake during the normal activity phase prevents obesity and circadian desynchrony in a rat model of night work. Endocrinology, 151(3), 1019–1029.

Stunkard, A. J., Grace, W. J., & Wolff, H. G. (1955). The night-eating syndrome. A pattern of food intake among certain obese patients. American Journal of Medicine, 19, 78–86.

Wei, M., Russell, D. W., & Zakalik, R. A. (2005). Adult attachment, social self-efficacy, self-disclosure, loneliness, and subsequent depression for freshman college students: A longitudinal study. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(4), 602.

Yahia, N., Brown, C., Potter, S., Szymanski, H., Smith, K., Pringle, L., Herman, C., Uribe, M., Fu, Z., & Chung, M. (2017). Night eating syndrome and its association with weight status, physical activity, eating habits, smoking status, and sleep patterns among college students. Eating and Weight Disorders-Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity, 22(3), 421–433.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33757/jik.v5i1.371

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.33757/jik.v5i1.371.g157

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


E-ISSN : 2597-8594 (Online) P-ISSN : 2580-930X (Cetak)
Publish by STIKes Alifah Padang
Jl. Khatib Sulaiman No 52 B Kota Padang. Telp 0751-7059849. Fax 0751-7059849. Website: www.stikesalifah.ac.id
Email : jik.alifah@gmail.com
Creative Commons License
This JIK Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.