Determinan Imunisasi Dasar Lengkap pada Anak Usia 12-23 Bulan di Indonesia

Willyana Syafriyanti, Anhari Achadi

Abstract


Laporan World Health Organization (WHO) menunjukkan bahwa cakupan imunisasi menurun pada tahun 2020 jika dibandingkan dengan tahun 2019. Tujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis determinan status imunisasi dasar lengkap pada anak usia 12-23 bulan di Indonesia. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain penelitian cross-sectional, menggunakan data sekunder dari Survei Demografi Kesehatan Indonesia (SDKI) 2017. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 3.687 responden. Analisis data menggunakan uji statistik regresi logistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persentase imunisasi dasar lengkap pada anak usia 12-23 bulan di Indonesia pada tahun 2017 adalah sebesar 61,4%. Pendidikan, status ekonomi, jumlah anak, penolong persalinan dan mendapat akses internet memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan imunisasi dasar lengkap (p-value <0,05). Kunjungan Antenatal Care (ANC) merupakan faktor yang paling dominan berhubungan dengan imunisasi dasar lengkap pada anak usia 12-23 bulan di Indonesia (p-value <0,001; PR 4,203 (3,083–5,730)) setelah dikendalikan oleh faktor lain. Kunjungan ANC merupakan faktor yang paling berpengaruh terhadap imunisasi dasar lengkap pada anak usia 12-23 bulan di Indonesia. Peningkatan cakupan ANC pada ibu hamil dan pemberian informasi tentang pentingnya imunisasi dasar oleh tenaga kesehatan selama kunjungan ANC diharapkan meningkatkan kesadaran ibu untuk melakukan imunisasi lengkap pada anaknya, sehingga dapat meningkatkan cakupan imunisasi dasar lengkap pada anak di Indonesia.


Keywords


Imunisasi Dasar Lengkap, Anak Usia 11-23 Bulan, Survey Demografi Kesehatan Indonesia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aheto, J. M. K., Pannell, O., Dotse-Gborgbortsi, W., Trimner, M. K., Tatem, A. J., Rhoda, D. A., Utazi, C. E. (2022). Multilevel analysis of predictors of multiple indicators of childhood vaccination in Nigeria. Plos One, 17(5), e0269066. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0269066

Alibakhshikenari, M. (2021). Maternal Education and Child Vaccination in Iran: Logistic Regression Estimation of the Effect of Mother’s Education on Complete Immunisation. Review Article, 11(3), 1–16.

Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). (2021). Profil Statistik Kesehatan 2021. Badan Pusat Statistik, 22. Retrieved from bps.go.id

Budu, E., Seidu, A. A., Agbaglo, E., Armah-Ansah, E. K., Dickson, K. S., Hormenu, T., Ahinkorah, B. O. (2021). Maternal healthcare utilization and full immunization coverage among 12–23 months children in Benin: a cross sectional study using population-based data. Archives of Public Health, 79(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13690-021-00554-y

Chowdhury, S., & Chakraborty, P. pratim. (2017). Universal health coverage ‑ There is more to it than meets the eye. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 6(2), 169–170. https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc

Dixit, P., Dwivedi, L. K., & Ram, F. (2013). Strategies to Improve Child Immunization via Antenatal Care Visits in India: A Propensity Score Matching Analysis. PLoS ONE,8(6).https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066175

Efendi, F., Pradiptasiwi, D., Krisnana, I., Kusumaningrum, T., Kurniati, A., Sampurna, M., & Berliana, S. (2019). Factors Associated with Complete Immunizations Coverage among Indonesian Children Aged 12-23 Months. Children and Youth Services Review, 108, 104651. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2019.104651

Fenta, S. M., Biresaw, H. B., Fentaw, K. D., & Gebremichael, S. G. (2021). Determinants of full childhood immunization among children aged 12–23 months in sub-Saharan Africa: a multilevel analysis using Demographic and Health Survey Data. Tropical Medicine and Health, 49(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s41182-021-00319-x

Herliana, P., & Douiri, A. (2017). Determinants of immunisation coverage of children aged 12-59 months in Indonesia: A cross-sectional study. BMJ Open, 7(12), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015790

Holipah, Maharani, A., & Kuroda, Y. (2018). Determinants of immunization status among 12- to 23-month-old children in Indonesia (2008-2013): A multilevel analysis. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5193-3

Holmberg, C., Berg, C., Dahlgren, J., Lissner, L., & Chaplin, J. E. (2019). Health literacy in a complex digital media landscape: Pediatric obesity patients’ experiences with online weight, food, and health information. Health Informatics Journal, 25(4), 1343–1357. https://doi.org/10.1177/1460458218759699

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2020a). Petunjuk Teknis Pelayanan Imunisasi Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Covid-19 Kemenkes, (Online),(https://covid19.kemkes.go.id/protokol-covid-19/petunjuk-teknis-pelayanan-imunisasi-pada-masa-pandemi-covid-19/#.X6IYy6ozbIU, diakses 27 Juli 2022)

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2020b). Rencana Strategis Kementerian Kesehatan 2020-2024.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2021). Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2020. In Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, (Online), (https://pusdatin.kemkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/profil-kesehatan-indonesia/Profil-Kesehatan-Indonesia-Tahun-2020.pdf, diakses 27 Juli 2022)

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2022). 2 Tahun Cakupan Imunisasi Rendah, Pemerintah Gelar Bulan Imunisasi Anak Nasional, (Online),(https://www.kemkes.go.id/article/view/22062800003/2-tahun-cakupan-imunisasi-rendah-pemerintah-gelar-bulan-imunisasi-anak-nasional.html, diakses 1 Agustus 2022)

Mappadang, R. V., Langi, F. F. L. G., & Pinontoan, O. R. (2020). Determinan Status Imunisasi Dasar Pada Anak Balita 12-59 Bulan di Indonesia. Sam Ratulangi Journal of Public Health, 1(1), 015. https://doi.org/10.35801/srjoph.v1i1.27274

Melovic, B., Stojanovic, A. J., Vulic, T. B., Dudic, B., & Benova, E. (2020). The impact of online media on parents’ attitudes toward vaccination of children—social marketing and public health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(16), 1–27. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165816

Najikhah, N., Nurjannah, N., Mudatsir, M., Usman, S., & Saputra, I. (2021). Determinants of Complete Basic Immunization in Children Aged 12-23 Months in Indonesia. Budapest International Research in Exact Sciences (BirEx Journal), 3(4), 304–318.

Negussie, A., Kassahun, W., Assegid, S., & Hagan, A. K. (2016). Factors associated with incomplete childhood immunization in Arbegona district, southern Ethiopia: A case - Control study. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2678-1

UNICEF. (2020). Immunization coverage, (Online),(https://data.unicef.org/resources/immunization-coverage-are-we-losing-ground/, diakses31 Juli 2022.

World Health Organization (WHO). (2021). Immunization agenda 2030. 1–24, (Online), (https://www.who.int/immunization/ia2030_Draft_One_English.pdf?ua=1, diakses 31 Juli 2022)

World Health Organization (WHO). (2018). Explorations of inequality: childhood immunization. Geneva.

World Health Organization (WHO). (2022). Immunization Covarage, (Online), (https://www.who.int/data/gho/data/themes/topics/immunization-coverage, diakses 31 Juli 2022)

World Health Organization (WHO), & UNICEF. (2022). Immunization, (Online), (https://data.unicef.org/topic/child-health/immunization/, diakses 1 Agustus 2022)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33757/jik.v6i2.609

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 JIK JURNAL ILMU KESEHATAN

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


E-ISSN : 2597-8594 (Online) P-ISSN : 2580-930X (Cetak)
Publish by STIKes Alifah Padang
Jl. Khatib Sulaiman No 52 B Kota Padang. Telp 0751-7059849. Fax 0751-7059849. Website: www.stikesalifah.ac.id
Email : jik@stikesalifah.ac.id